Sweden flowers: Ground elder

Aegopodium podagraria L., SE: Kirskål, DE: Giersch, NL: Zevenblad,
UK: Ground elder, Herb Gerard, Bishop's weed, Goutweed, Snow-in-the-mountain

Scientific name:  Aegopodium podagraria L.
Swedish name:  Kirskål
German name:   Giersch
Nederlandse naam:  Zevenblad
English name:  Ground elder, Herb Gerard, Bishop's weed, Goutweed, Snow-in-the-mountain
Family:  Apiaceae/Umbelliferae, Carrot or Parsley family, Flockblommiga växter

Sweden Flowers, Aegopodium podagraria, Kirskål, Giersch, Zevenblad, Ground elder

Life form:  Perennial, creeping rhizome
Stems:  Height 30-100cm, erect, hollow stems, upper part branching, base often reddish
Leaves:  Alternate; narrowly elliptic–ovate, base oblique, with serrated margins; stem leaves 3-lobed
Flowers:  Inflorescence a flat-topped compound umbel, secondary umbels 10–20; all umbels lacking bracts. The umbels of white flowers bearing a passing resemblance to the flowers of an Elder tree, the origin of this plant's common name. Petals 5, notched, tip recurved; calyx absent; stamens 5; pistil of 2 fused carpels, styles 2
Flowering Period:  June-August
Fruits:  Schizocarp
Habitat:  Damp soil and shady locations
Distribution:  Common to all types of cultivated land in the country, except in the mountain regions where it occurs more rarely

Aegopodium podagraria, Kirskål, Giersch, Zevenblad, Ground elder


Derivation of the botanical name:
Aegopodium, may come from Aix- or Aig-, goat, and "-podium", foot.
podagraria, pod-, foot (a reference to the underground rhizomes), to which the term -agraria, meaning 'of cultivated land', is appended.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
At one time Aegopodium podagraria was also used in herbal remedies for arthritis and gout.

Flowers in Sweden, Wildflowers, Nature



Aegopodium podagraria, Kirskål, Giersch, Zevenblad, Ground elder, Herb Gerard, Bishop's weed, Goutweed, Snow-in-the-mountain