|Scientific name:||Angelica sylvestris L.|
|Synonym name:||Angelica montana Brot.|
|Nederlandse naam:||Gewone engelwortel|
|English name:||Wild Angelica, wood angelica, Oat-shooters, Trumpet Keck|
|Family:||Apiaceae / Umbelliferae, Carrot Family, Flockblommiga växter|
|Life form:||Perennial herb|
|Stems:||Height 150–200 cm, smooth, reddish|
|Leaves:||Alternate, compound, bipinnate, dentate|
|Flowers:||Large compound umbels of white or purple flowers|
|Flowering Period:||July, August|
|Fruits:||2-parted schizocarp, 4–5 mm long|
|Habitat:||Forest, thicket, coast, fresh water, bogs, marshes, pastureland, meadows|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Angelica from angelicus (Latin), "angelic", ultimately related to Greek αγγελος (angelos) "messenger".
sylvestis, sylvestr, "belonging to the forest or woods", more correctly: silvestris.
Oat-shooters, Children shoot oats through the hollow stems as peas are shot through a pea-shooter.
Trumpet Keck; Parkinson says: " In Sussex they call the wilde kinde (of Angelica) Kex, and the weavers winde their yarne on the dead stalks". It is called Trumpet Keck because the hollow stems of this plant are made by boys into trumpets. " Trumpet-kecks are passed unheeded by Whose hollow stalks inspired such eager joy."
Parkinson (1567–1650) says: "In Sussex they call the wilde kinde (of Angelica) Kex, and the weavers winde their yarne on the dead stalks".
It is called Trumpet Keck because the hollow stems of this plant are made by boys into trumpets.
" Trumpet-kecks are passed unheeded by Whose hollow stalks inspired such eager joy."
In 1629, John Parkinson in his work, Paradisi in Sole Paradisus Terrestris, considered Angelica Root to be one of the most important herbs of the time. Angelica was even eaten as a vegetable and added to soups.
Legend has it that when the bubonic fever was ravaging Europe in 1665, a monk dreamt that an angel showed him a plant, angelica, a cure for the Great Plague of London, 1665–1666. Elizabethan Physicians doused themselves with vinegar and chew angelica before approaching a victim.
Angelica is used in the preparation of Vermouth and Chartreuse. Benedictine and Chartreuse monks still use Angelica root in their liqueurs.