Anthemis tinctoria, Cota tinctoria, SE: Färgkulla, DE: Färberkamille,
NL: Gele kamille, UK: Yellow Chamomile
|| ||Anthemis tinctoria L.|
|| ||Cota tinctoria (L.) J. Gay ex Guss.|
|| ||Gele kamille|
|| ||Yellow Chamomile, Golden Chamomile, Golden Marquerite |
|| ||קחוון הצבעים|
|| || Compositae, Daisy Family |
|| ||Perennial herb|
|| ||Height 20–80 cm, branchless—short-branched, short-haired at least from top|
|| || Alternate, almost stalkless; blade 2 times pinnately lobed–with leaflets, top glabrous, underside short-haired, greyish, small lobes–leaflets toothed, terminated by a short bristle|
|| || Entirely yellow capitula, solitary terminating branches|
|| ||Single flower-like 2.5–4.5 cm; capitula surrounded by involucral bracts; capitula flowers yellow, ray-florets tongue-like, tip 3-toothed; disc florets tubular, small; 5 stamens; pistil of 2 fused carpels; involucre hemispherical, involucral bracts in many rows, narrow, round-tipped, with membranous margins, with ciliate edges, hairy |
|| ||Cypsela, flat, angular, faintly ridged, brown, tip with crowned by a membranous ring (a reduced pappus)|
|| ||Banks, dry meadows, meadows, rocky outcrops, roadsides, railway yards, harbours, gravel pits, wasteland|
|| ||Common in southern and central Sweden|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Anthemis. Chamomile. From Greek chamos, "ground", melos, "apple." Anthemis is the Greek name for this plant which has a long history, as a flavoring herb and in medicine.
tinctoria, tinctus, "to wet; to dye"; ori, "capability, functionality or resulting action". Used in dyeing.
- The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
- The standard author abbreviation J. Gay is used to indicate Jacques Étienne Gay (1786 - 1864), a Swiss-French botanist, civil servant, collector and taxonomist.
- The standard author abbreviation Guss. is used to indicate Giovanni Gussone (1787 – 1866), an Italian academic and botanist