Sweden wildflowers: Cow Parsley

Anthriscus sylvestris, Chaerefolium silvestre, SE: Hundkäx,
DE: Wilder Kerbel, NL: Fluitenkruid, UK: Cow parsley, Keck

Scientific name:  Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm.
Synonym name:  Chaerefolium silvestre (L.) Sch. et Thell.
Swedish name:  Hundkäx
German name:  Wilder Kerbel
Nederlandse naam:  Fluitenkruid
English name:  Cow Parsley
Plant Family:  Apiaceae or Umbelliferae, Carrot Family, Flockblommiga växter

Sweden Flora - Vilda blommor i Sverige

Life form:  Perennial Herb
Stems:  Height 50–150 cm, furrowed
Leaves:  Lower leaves with conspicuous, sheathing base, that of upper leaves smaller. Leaf-blade triangular, tripinnate. Leaflets elliptic, large-toothed; Stem furrowed.
Flowers:  Regular (actinomorphic), 3–5 mm across, outer flowers often slightly irregular. Petals 5, free, white, apex notched. Sepals absent. Stamens 5. Pistil formed from 2 fused carpels, styles 2. Inflorescence a compound umbel.
Flowering Period:  May, June, July
Fruits:  Brown, later darkbrown, 6–10 mm long, elliptic two-parted schizocarp
Habitat:  Grows abundantly on roadsides, in hedgerows and along woodland rides and margins.

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Derivation of the botanical name:
Anthriscus, from the Greek and Latin name for another but unidentified plant.
sylvestris; sylva, woods, forest; sylvestris, of or belonging to the forest or woods, more correctly: silvestris, sometimes silvester; growing in the woods, wild.
Chaerefolium, khairephullon: chaerefolium, cerfeuil (Fr), chervil (UK).
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Hoffm. is used to indicate George Franz Hoffmann (1761 – 1826), a German botanist and lichenologist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Sch. is used to indicate Hans Schinz (1858 – 1941), a Swiss explorer and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Thell. is used to indicate Albert Thellung (1881 – 1928), a Swiss botanist.
Anthriscus sylvestris can be confused with several other species in the family, such as Sweet Cicely (Myrrhis odorata), Hemlock (Conium maculatum), Fool's Parsley (Aethusa cynapium), Tuberous-rooted chervil (Chaerophyllum bulbosum) and Golden Chervil (Chaerophyllum Aureum).

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