Sweden wildflowers: Common columbine

Aquilegia vulgaris, SE: Akleja, DE: Gemeine Akelei, NL: Wilde akelei,
UK: Common columbine, Granny's nightcap, Granny's bonnet

Scientific name:  Aquilegia vulgaris L.
Swedish name:  Akleja
German name:  Gemeine Akelei
Nederlandse naam:  Wilde akelei
English name:  Common columbine, Granny's nightcap, Granny's bonnet
Hebrew name:  אקוילגיה‮‬
Family:  Ranunculaceae, Buttercup or crowfoot family, Ranunkelväxter

Sweden Flowers, Aquilegia vulgaris, Akleja, Gemeine Akelei, Wilde akelei, Common columbine, Granny's nightcap, Granny's bonnet

Life form:  Herbaceous perennial
Stems:  Height 30-80cm, erect, branched, thinly hairy stems
Leaves:  Alternate, biternate; each leaf has three groups of three leaflets
Flowers:  Solitary or in bunches, pendant; petals 5, spurred, spur with spiral tip, 1–2 cm long; sepals 5, colourful like petals, numerous stamens; Gynoecium separate, pistils 5
Flowering Period:  June-July
Fruits:  Bristle-tipped, 1.5–2.5 cm long follicle, 5 together; shiny seeds
Habitat:  Roadsides, forest margins close to habitation, stream and ditch banks
Distribution:  Sparingly in almost the entire country

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Derivation of the botanical name:
Aquilegia, Latin aquila (eagle), Aqua (water), or the city of Aquileia
vulgaris, vulgus (Hop, generally), and means ordinary.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Flowers in Sweden, Wildflowers, Nature



Aquilegia vulgaris, Akleja, Gemeine Akelei, Wilde akelei, Common columbine, Granny's nightcap, Granny's bonnet