|Scientific name:||Artemisia vulgaris L.|
|German name:||Beifuß, Gemeiner Beifuß, Gewöhnliche Beifuß, Gewürzbeifuß|
|English name:||Mugwort, Common wormwood|
|Plant Family:||Asteraceae / Compositae, Sunflower family), Korgblommiga växter|
|Life form:||Herbaceous perennial|
|Stem:||Height 50–150 (–200) cm, erect, often vague purple to red|
|Leaves:||Feathery, deeply cut into; top dark green; underside with dense white tomentose hairs|
|Flowers:||Small (5mm) yellow or dark red petals in racemose panicles|
|Flowering Period:||July, August, September|
|Fruits:||Yellowish, oblong cypsela|
|Habitat:||dry cultivated land on farms and in ruderatmark and roadsides|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Artemisia, Ἀρτεμισία, referring to the Greek goddess Artemis who so benefited from a plant of this family that she gave it her own name. Plants described by Dioscorides & Pliny like wormword or mugwort from which the genus name Artemisia is taken. An alternative possibility for the derivation of this name is that it comes from Queen Artemisia II of Caria, sister and wife of King Mausolus, who ruled after his death from 352 to 350 BCE. and built during her short reign one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, which she unfortunately did not live to see the completion of.
Artemisia vulgaris is used from way back to let recover tired travellers and to protect them against evil spirits and wild animals.
Roman soldiers laid it in their sandals against painful feet, hence the name "bij-voet" in Dutch.
William Coles (1626 - 1662 CE), an herbalist, botanist, became entranced by the idea of plant signatures. In the Art of Simpling, 1656, he wrote: "And if a Footman take mugwort and put it into his shoes in the morning, he may go forty miles before noon and not be weary…"
Dr. Karl Wilhelm Burdach (1781 - 1842) of Triebel, discovered that the root of the Artemisia vulgaris is an excellent remedy in epilepsy.