Barbarea vulgaris, Barbarea arcuata, SE: Sommargyllen,
DE: Echtes Barbarakraut, NL: Gewoon barbarakruid, UK: Winter-cress

Scientific name:  Barbarea vulgaris R.Br.
Synonym name:   Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J.Presl & C.Presl) Rchb. Barbarea stricta Andrz., Barbarea vulgaris R.Br. var. arcuata (Opiz ex J.Presl & C.Presl) Fr., Barbarea vulgaris R.Br. var. brachycarpa Rouy & Foucaud, Barbarea vulgaris R.Br. var. longisiliquosa Carion, Barbarea vulgaris R.Br. var. sylvestris Fr., Campe barbarea (L.) W.Wight ex Piper, Campe stricta (Andrz.) W.Wight ex Piper
Swedish name:  Sommargyllen
German name:  Echtes Barbarakraut
Nederlandse naam:  Gewoon barbarakruid
English name:  Winter-cress
Family:  Brassicaceae / Cruciferae, Cabbage family, Korsblommiga växter

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Life form:  two-or perennial herb
Stems:  Erect, square
Leaves:  Rosette, alternate, lower leaves lyrate, petiolate, glabrous or with some sparse pubescence, to +20cm long; lobes with coarse shallow teeth or entire; upper leaves reduced, sessile, entire or with a few coarse teeth
Flowers:  Yellow clusters with bright yellow petals, twice as long as sepals
Flowering Period:  May, June
Fruit:  Pedicels elongating in fruit to 6mm long, 4-angled, siliques glabrous, many seeded, erect to spreading, 2-3cm long, slightly compressed, beaked. Beak to 3mm long.
Habitat:  sweet water, bogs, marshes, swamps, pastureland, meadows, farmland, settlements

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Derivation of the botanical name:
Barbarea, named after St. Barbara, a former Christian saint and virgin martyr once believed to have lived in Asia Minor in the 3rd cent.
She is the patron saint of artillerymen and miners and protectress in thunderstorms. Barbarea was once generally known as her herb, or the Herba Sanctae Barbarae.
vulgaris, common.
arcuata, bow shaped.
stricta, upright.
brachycarpa, brachys βραχυϛ, short, little; carpos καρποϛ fruit; short fruited.
longisiliquosa, longus, long, siliqua, pod of a legume; long podded.
sylvestris, pertaining to woods, growing wild.
Campe, campus, open field.
  • The standard author abbreviation R.Br. is used to indicate Robert Brown (1773 – 1858), a Scottish botanist and palaeobotanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Opiz is used to indicate Philipp Maximilian Opiz (1787 – 1858), an Austrian Imperial Forstamtsconcipist and taxonomist.
  • The standard author abbreviation J.Presl & C.Presl is used to indicate the brothers Jan Svatopluk Presl (1791 – 1849), a Bohemian natural scientist, and Carl Borivoj Presl (1794 – 1852), a Bohemian botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation )Rchb. is used to indicate Heinrich Gottlieb Ludwig Reichenbach (1793 – 1879), a German botanist and ornithologist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Andrz. is used to indicate Antoni Lukianowicz Andrzejowski (1785 – 1868), a Lithuanian naturalist and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Rouy is used to indicate Georges Rouy (1851 - 1924), a French born botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Foucaud is used to indicate Julien Foucaud (1847 - 1904), a French botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Carion is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Fr. is used to indicate Elias Magnus Fries (1794 – 1878), a Swedish mycologist and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation W.Wight is used to indicate William Franklin Wight (1874 – 1954), an English botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Piper is used to indicate Charles Vancouver Piper (1867 – 1926), an American botanist and agriculturalist.

Flora of Sweden online, Native plants, Sverige