|Scientific name:||Calluna vulgaris L. (Hull)|
|Synonym name:||Erica vulgaris L|
|Swedish name:||Ljung, höstljung|
|English name:||Heather, ling|
|Plant Family:||Ericaceae, Ljungväxter, the Heath family|
|Life form:||Perennial shrub|
|Stems:||Height 10–50 cm, erect, densely branched, woody|
|Leaves:||Woody reddish stems, with small, threadlike, stalkless, opposite, erect leaves, overlapping,1 in 4 rows, and arrow-shaped. The leaves are smooth, small, and hoary, and hollow below|
|Flowers:||Mauve (pale bluish-purple), white, bell-shaped racemes|
|Flowering Period:||August, September|
|Fruits:||Hairy capsule protected by calyx|
|Habitat:||Forest, thicket, heath, coast|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Calluna, kalluna (Greek),'to sweep', as the plant was used to make brooms.
erica, eric, ερεικη, heath, broom.
vulgaris is derived from a Latin word for 'common'.
It is used in Great Britain for brooms, thatch, beds for the poor, and for heating ovens.
ling, Anglo-Saxon lig, "fire"; it was used for fuel.