Sweden native plants: Heather

Calluna vulgaris, Erica vulgaris , SE: Ljung, höstljung,
DE: Besen-Heide, NL: Struikhei, UK: Heather

Scientific name:  Calluna vulgaris L. (Hull)
Synonym name:  Erica vulgaris L
Swedish name:  Ljung, höstljung
German name:  Besen-Heide
Nederlandse naam:  Struikhei
English name:  Heather, ling
Plant Family:  Ericaceae, Ljungväxter, the Heath family

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Life form:  Perennial shrub
Stems:  Height 10–50 cm, erect, densely branched, woody
Leaves:  Woody reddish stems, with small, threadlike, stalkless, opposite, erect leaves, overlapping,1 in 4 rows, and arrow-shaped. The leaves are smooth, small, and hoary, and hollow below
Flowers:  Mauve (pale bluish-purple), white, bell-shaped racemes
Flowering Period:  August, September
Fruits:  Hairy capsule protected by calyx
Habitat:  Forest, thicket, heath, coast

Calluna vulgaris, Erica vulgaris , Ljung, höstljung, Besen-Heide,Struikhei, Heather


Derivation of the botanical name:
Calluna, kalluna (Greek),'to sweep', as the plant was used to make brooms.
erica, eric, ερεικη, heath, broom.
vulgaris is derived from a Latin word for 'common'.

It is used in Great Britain for brooms, thatch, beds for the poor, and for heating ovens.
ling, Anglo-Saxon lig, "fire"; it was used for fuel.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Hull is used to indicate John Hull (1761 - 1843), an English gynaecologist (Manchester) and author of a British Flora published in 1799

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