Campanula rapunculoides, SE: Knölklocka, DE: Acker-Glockenblume,
NL: Akkerklokje, UK: Creeping Bellflower

Scientific name:  Campanula rapunculoides L.
Swedish name:  Knölklocka
English name  Creeping Bellflower
German name:  Acker-Glockenblume
Nederlandse naam:  Akkerklokje
Plant Family:  Campanulaceae, Klockväxter, Bellflower family

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Life form:  Perennial
Stems:  Height 20–90 cm, light green to reddish brown, glabrous to lightly pubescent, and terete or angular, terminate in an elongated raceme of flowers.
Leaves:  Alternate,crenate or serrated margins; basal leaves, triangular, narrow, with a heart-shaped or rounded base, up to 12 centimetres long; upper stem leaves, sessile, lanceolate and shortly stalked.
Flowers:  Spikelike racemes with blue-violet flowers tending downwards, 2 to 4 cm long, with short petioles standing to one side in the axils of the bracts. The bracts are quite different and smaller than the leaves; 5 green linear-lanceolate sepals, widely spreading to recurved, much smaller in size than the corolla. The corolla is bell-shaped, with five slightly ciliate, pointed lobes that are recurved.
Flowering Period:  June-September
Fruits:  Capsule, semi-spherical, with spreading hairs, brown, nodding
Habitat:  Farmland and settlements

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Derivation of the botanical name:
Campanula is diminutive of Late Latin campāna, bell (New Latin: a little bell),
rapunculoides, resembling Rapunculus - meaning "little turnip" referring to the swollen roots.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
Campanula rapunculoides is pollinated by entomophily (a form of pollination whereby pollen is distributed by insects (bees, flies, butterflies, etc.)

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