Sand Rock-cress - Sweden wildflowers

Cardaminopsis arenosa, Arabis arenosa, SE: Sandtrav, DE: Sand-Schaumkresse ,
NL: Zandscheefkelk, UK: Sand Rock-cress

Scientific name:  Cardaminopsis arenosa (L.) Hayek
Synonym name:  Arabis arenosa (L.) Scop.
Swedish name:  Sandtrav
German name:  Sand-Schaumkresse
Nederlandse naam:  Zandscheefkelk
English name:  Sand Rock-cress
Family:  Brassicaceae - Cruciferae, Cabbage family, Korsblommiga växter

Sweden Flowers, Cardaminopsis arenosa, Arabis arenosa, Sandtrav, Sand-Schaumkresse, Zandscheefkelk, Sand Rock-cress

Life form:  Annual or biennial herb
Stems:  Height 15-30, may-branched, lower part hairy
Leaves:  Basal rosette, wide lanceolate, deeply lobed
Flowers:  Raceme; 4 white or pinkish-purple petals, 4 sepals; 2 short and 4 long stamens
Flowering Period:  June-July
Fruits:  1-4.5cm, siliqua, many-seeded
Habitat:  On dry, sandy soils, in roadside verges, gravel soils, embankments and weeds in the flower beds
Distribution:  Central and northern Sweden

Cardaminopsis arenosa, Arabis arenosa, Sandtrav, Sand-Schaumkresse, Zandscheefkelk, Sand Rock-cress


Derivation of the botanical name:
Cardaminopsis, resembling Cardamine, Greek kardamon used by Dioscorides for some cress, since many species resemble watercress in appearance and flavor; maybe used in treating heart ailments.
arenosa, Latin arena sand, and means 'grows in sandy places'.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Hayek is used to indicate August von Hayek (1871 – 1928), an Austrian physician and botanist. He was the son of naturalist Gustav von Hayek and the father of economist Friedrich Hayek (1899–1992).
  • The standard author abbreviation Scop. is used to indicate Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (1723 – 1788), a Tyrolean physician and naturalist.

Flowers in Sweden, Wildflowers, Nature