Flowers of Sweden: Caraway

Carum carvi, SE: Kummin, DE: Echter Kümmel, Wiesen-Kümmel,
NL: Karwij, UK: Caraway

Scientific name:  Carum carvi L.
Swedish name:  Kummin
German name:  Echter Kümmel, Wiesen-Kümmel
Nederlandse naam:  Karwij
English name:  Caraway
Hebrew name:  כרוויה תרבותית‮‬
Family:  Apiaceae/Umbelliferae, Parsley family, Flockblommiga växter

Sweden Flowers, Carum carvi, Kummin, Echter Kümmel, Wiesen-Kümmel, Karwij, Caraway

Life form:  Biennial herb
Stems:  Height 25-60cm, branched, bristly, glabrous, hollow
Leaves:  Alternate, compound
Flowers:  Inflorescence a compound umbel, secondary umbels 5–15; 5 white, pink corolla petals
Flowering Period:  May-July
Fruits:  Elongated schizocarp, highly fragrant when broken
Habitat:  Dry open land, in the hills, meadows and roadsides
Distribution:  Throughout the country, except in the mountain regions where it occurs sparingly

Carum carvi, Kummin, Echter Kümmel, Wiesen-Kümmel, Karwij, Caraway


Derivation of the botanical name:
Carum, Greek karon [κάρον] means "cumin"
carvi, from Arabic al-karawiya, which is of unknown origin but suspected to be somehow from Greek karon cumin.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Flowers in Sweden, Wildflowers, Nature