Cichorium intybus L., SE: Cikoria, vägvårda, DE: Wegwarte,
NL: Wilde cichorei, UK: Chickory

Scientific name:  Cichorium intybus L.
Swedish name:  Cikoria, vägvårda
German name:  Wegwarte, Blaue Distel, Kaffeezichorie, Sonnenkraut, Sonnenwedel, Sonnenwirbel, Wegtritt, Wegwächter, Wilde Zichorie
Nederlandse naam:  Wilde cichorei
English name:  Chicory, blue daisy, blue sailors, coffee chicory, coffee weed, succory, wild chicory, wild succory
Family:  Asteraceae / Compositae, Sunflower family, Korgblommiga

Sweden Wildflowers and Native Plants

Life form:  Perennial
Stems:  30-100 cm high; usually solitary, erect, glabrous to sparsely strigose and scabrous, herbaceous, branching, with milky sap
Leaves:  Alternate; basal leaves lyrate pinnatifid, to +30 cm long, +6 cm wide, dentate, pubescent above and below, hirsute on midrib below. Cauline leaves lanceolate to linear, clasping, entire, much reduced
Flowers:  1-3 axillary flowers in upper portion of stems; two rows of involucral bracts; the inner are longer and erect, the outer are shorter and spreading; Ray flowers, ligule blue to lilac, 5-toothed at apex, to -2 cm long, 5-6 mm broad, pubescent externally; flowers fertile; anthers blue, 4mm long, connate around style; style blue above, white below, bifurcate; stigma blue; disc flowers absent
Flowering Period:  July, August
Fruits:  Achenes, no pappus (feathery hairs), but do have toothed scales on top
Habitat:  Roadsides, disturbed sites, waste ground
Distribution:  Southern Sweden, central Sweden

Cichorium intybus,  Cikoria, vägvårda, Wegwarte, Wilde cichorei, Chickory

Derivation of the botanical name:
Cichorium, the Latinized version of the Arabic name for one of the species.
intybus, Intybus species name was the name of chicory of Roman Virgil and assumed to come to the grown chicory has a hollow stem in-tubus.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Sweden, Nature, Botany, Wildflowers

Vilda blommor i Sverige

Flora of Sweden online, Native plants, Sverige