Cichorium intybus L., SE: Cikoria, vägvårda, DE: Wegwarte,
NL: Wilde cichorei, UK: Chickory
|| ||Cichorium intybus L.|
|| ||Cikoria, vägvårda|
|| ||Wegwarte, Blaue Distel, Kaffeezichorie, Sonnenkraut, Sonnenwedel, Sonnenwirbel, Wegtritt, Wegwächter, Wilde Zichorie|
|| ||Wilde cichorei|
|| ||Chicory, blue daisy, blue sailors, coffee chicory, coffee weed, succory, wild chicory, wild succory|
|| ||Asteraceae / Compositae, Sunflower family, Korgblommiga|
|| ||30-100 cm high; usually solitary, erect, glabrous to sparsely strigose and scabrous, herbaceous, branching, with milky sap|
|| ||Alternate; basal leaves lyrate pinnatifid, to +30 cm long, +6 cm wide, dentate, pubescent above and below, hirsute on midrib below. Cauline leaves lanceolate to linear, clasping, entire, much reduced|
|| ||1-3 axillary flowers in upper portion of stems; two rows of involucral bracts; the inner are longer and erect, the outer are shorter and spreading; Ray flowers, ligule blue to lilac, 5-toothed at apex, to -2 cm long, 5-6 mm broad, pubescent externally; flowers fertile; anthers blue, 4mm long, connate around style; style blue above, white below, bifurcate; stigma blue; disc flowers absent|
|| ||July, August|
|| ||Achenes, no pappus (feathery hairs), but do have toothed scales on top|
|| ||Roadsides, disturbed sites, waste ground|
|| ||Southern Sweden, central Sweden|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Cichorium, the Latinized version of the Arabic name for one of the species.
intybus, Intybus species name was the name of chicory of Roman Virgil and assumed to come to the grown chicory has a hollow stem in-tubus.
- The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.