Sweden flowers: Spear Thistle

Cirsium vulgare, Cirsium lanceolatum, SE: Vägtistel,
DE: Gewöhnliche Kratzdistel , NL: Speerdistel,
UK: Spear Thistle, Bull Thistle

Scientific name:  Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
Synonym name:  Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop.
Swedish name:  Vägtistel
German name:  Gewöhnliche Kratzdistel
Nederlandse naam:  Speerdistel
English name:  Spear Thistle, Bull Thistle, Black Thistle, Scotch Thistle
Family:  Asteraceae - Compositae, Aster family, Korgblommiga växter

Flowers in Sweden, Travel, Nature, Botany

Life form:  Biennial
Stems:  Height 30-150 cm, erect, winged with spines on the wings; upper surface dark green and bristly, lower surface white woolly
Leaves:  Rosette, lanceolate to ovate; to 30 cm long and toothed to deeply lobed with spiny margins
Inflorescence:  Flowerheads 2–5 cm wide, solitary or in groups of 2–4 at the end of branches
Flowers:  Pink,purple florets all tubular, bisexual; bracts around heads spine-tipped
Flowering Period:  July, August, September
Fruits:  An achene with a downy pappus
Habitat:  Roadsides, pastures
Distribution:  Common in southern and central Sweden, in the north of the country it occurs more sparingly

Cirsium vulgare, Cirsium lanceolatum, Vägtistel, Gewöhnliche Kratzdistel, Speerdistel, Spear Thistle, Bull Thistle, Black Thistle, Scotch Thistle


Derivation of the botanical name:
Cirsium, from the Greek word kirsos, "swollen vein". Thistles were used as a remedy against swollen veins.
vulgare, Latin for "common."
  • The standard author abbreviation Savi is used to indicate Gaetano Savi (1769 – 1844), an Italian naturalist.[
  • The standard author abbreviation Ten. is used to indicate Michele Tenore (1780 – 1861), an Italian botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Scop, is used to indicate Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (1723 – 1788), an Austrian (Tyrolean) physician and naturalist.

Vilda Blommor i Sverige (Wilde flora in Zweden)



Cirsium vulgare, Cirsium lanceolatum, Vägtistel, Gewöhnliche Kratzdistel, Speerdistel, Spear Thistle, Bull Thistle, Black Thistle, Scotch Thistle



Flora of Sweden online, Native plants, Sverige