Flowers in Sweden: Lily of the valley

Convallaria majalis, SE: Liljekonvalj, DE: Maiglöckchen,
NL: Lelietje-van-dalen, UK: Lily of the valley

Scientific name:  Convallaria majalisL.
Swedish name:  Liljekonvalj
German name:  Maiglöckchen
Nederlandse naam:  Lelietje-van-dalen
English name:  Lily of the valley
Hebrew name:  שושנת העמקים‮‬
Family:  Asparagaceae, Asparagus Family, Sparrisväxter /
Convallariaceae, Lily of the Valley Family, Konvaljväxter

Sweden Flowers,Convallaria majalis, SE: Liljekonvalj, DE: Maiglöckchen, NL: Lelietje-van-dalen, UK: Lily of the valley

Life form:  Herbaceous perennial plant
Stems:  Height 15-30cm
Leaves:  1-2 leaves 10-25 long
Flowers:  Raceme of 5–15 flowers, six white tepals
Flowering Period:  May-June
Fruits:  Orange-red berry 5–7 mm; whitish to brownish colored seeds
Habitat:  Groves and forest slopes, preferably on humus soil
Distribution:  Throughout the country except in the mountain regions

Convallaria majalis, Liljekonvalj, Maiglöckchen, Lelietje-van-dalen,  Lily of the valley


Derivation of the botanical name:
Convallaria Latin convallis, valley
majalis, Latin majus (May), and refers to the flowering period
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Bible resources:
Song of Solomon 2:1 (Song of Songs 2:1)

The "lily of the valley" translates Latin lilium convallium (Vulgate), a literal rendition of the Hebrew term in Song of Solomon 2:1
(Song of Songs 2:1).
  • Modern Hebrew 2:1 אני חבצלת השרון שושנת העמקים׃
  • Latin Vulgate 2:1 ego flos campi et lilium convallium
  • Bible in Basic English 2:1 I am a rose of Sharon, a flower of the valleys.

Flowers in Sweden, Wildflowers, Nature