|Scientific name:||Cornus sanguinea L.|
|Synonym name:||Swida sanguinea|
|German name:||Rote Hartriegel|
|Nederlandse naam:||Rode kornoelje|
|English name:||Common dogwood|
|Family:||Cornaceae, Dogwood family, Kornellväxter|
|Life form:||Deciduous shrub|
|Stems:||Height 1-4m, reddish-brown branches|
|Leaves:||opposite, hairy, wide elliptic, pointed up to five pairs of nerves|
|Flowers:||Clusters of white flowers, 4 petals|
|Fruits:||Spherical dark blue-black stone fruits|
|Habitat:||Deciduous forests, thickets, roadsides|
|Distribution:||Common in groves on the island of Öland and Gotland, but there are also rare in other calcium-rich areas in southern and southwestern Sweden|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Cornus, Latin cornu, horn, referring to the hard wood.
sanguinea, from sanguis blood, blood-coloured.
Cornus sanguinea may have been named for its properties. It was once used as a wash to cure fungal infection or mange. The tree contains some bitter alkaloids.