Flowers in Sweden: Common dogwood

Cornus sanguinea, SE: Skogskornell, DE: Roter Hartriegel ,
NL: Rode kornoelje, UK: Common dogwood

Scientific name:  Cornus sanguinea L.
Synonym name:  Swida sanguinea
Swedish name:  Skogskornell
German name:   Rote Hartriegel
Nederlandse naam:  Rode kornoelje
English name:  Common dogwood
Family:  Cornaceae, Dogwood family, Kornellväxter

Sweden Flowers, Cornus sanguinea, Skogskornell, Roter Hartriegel, Rode kornoelje, Common dogwood

Life form:  Deciduous shrub
Stems:  Height 1-4m, reddish-brown branches
Leaves:  opposite, hairy, wide elliptic, pointed up to five pairs of nerves
Flowers:  Clusters of white flowers, 4 petals
Flowering Period:  June-July
Fruits:  Spherical dark blue-black stone fruits
Habitat:  Deciduous forests, thickets, roadsides
Distribution:  Common in groves on the island of Öland and Gotland, but there are also rare in other calcium-rich areas in southern and southwestern Sweden

Cornus sanguinea, Skogskornell, Roter Hartriegel, Rode kornoelje, Common dogwood


Derivation of the botanical name:
Cornus, Latin cornu, horn, referring to the hard wood.
sanguinea, from sanguis blood, blood-coloured.
Cornus sanguinea may have been named for its properties. It was once used as a wash to cure fungal infection or mange. The tree contains some bitter alkaloids.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Flowers in Sweden, Wildflowers, Nature