Dianthus deltoides, SE: Backnejlika, DE: Heide-Nelke,
NL: Steenanjer, UK: Maiden Pink

Scientific name:  Dianthus deltoides L.
Swedish name:  Backnejlika, ängsnejlika ängsnejlika
German name:  Heide-Nelke
Nederlandse naam:  Steenanjer
English name:  Maiden Pink
Plant Family:  Caryophyllaceae, Nejlikväxter, Carnation familyv

Sweden, Florist, Wildflowers, Vilda blommor i Sverige

Life form:  Herbaceous perennial
Stems:  Each stem carries only one flower and are slightly taller than the foliage.
Leaves:  Opposite, entire, evergreen
Flowers:  Five pale to dark pink petals, pinked margin.
Flowering Period:  June-August
Habitat:  Coast, pastureland and meadows

Dianthus deltoides, Backnejlika, Heide-Nelke, Steenanjer, Maiden Pink, Bloemen in Zweden

Derivation of the botanical name:
Dianthus, dios,"god" and anthos,"flower",
deltoides, like the Greek letter ‹, δελτα delta, -οειδεϛ, oides, adjective suffix for nouns: like, resemble.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
Dianthus was cited by the Greek botanist Theophrastus (370 — c.285 BCE).

The verb "pink" dates from the 14th century and means "to decorate with a perforated or punched pattern". The colour pink may be named after the flower.

The word 'carnation' appears to have entered the English language in 1538 and may be a corruption of 'coronation' based on their use in ceremonial crowns in ancient Greece.
Carnation, a symbol of betrothal, probably originated in a Flemish wedding custom. In portrait painting, especially of the 15th and 16th centuries, when held in the sitter's hand it signifies that the picture commemorates his betrothal.
In his painting "un giardino di fiori", Realm of Flora, Dresden, Nicolas Poussin (1594–1665) represented the mortals from the Roman poet Ovid's "Metamorphosis" who became flowers. Arranged in a circle around Flora are: Clytia, Narcissus, Smilax, Crocus, Adonis and Hyacinth. Outside the circle is Ajax, who is falling on his sword and turned into larkspur- a carnation in Poussin's "Garden of Flora". Behind Ajax is a herm of the fertility God Priapus-a symbol of the renewal of life through reproduction.

Flora of Sweden online, Native plants, Sverige