Sweden wildflowers: Hill Willow-herb

Epilobium collinum, SE: Backdunört, DE: Hügel-Weidenröschen,
NL: Basterdwederik, UK: Hill Willow-herb

Scientific name:  Epilobium collinum C.C.Gmel.
Swedish name:  Backdunört
German name:  Hügel-Weidenröschen
Nederlandse naam:  Basterdwederik
English name:  Hill Willow-herb
Family:  Onagraceae, Willowherb Family, Dunörtsväxter

Sweden, Native Plants, Nature, Botany

Life form:  Perennial herb
Stems:  Height 10-40 cm; unbranched-base branched, with arched hairs, usually reddish
Leaves:  Opposite; short stalked; elliptic-ovate, with roundish tips, sparseley toothed, with arched hairs especially along leaf veins
Flowers:  Inflorescence a branched raceme; light purple corolla, 4 petals with notched tips; 4 sepals; 8 stamens; 4-lobed stigmas
Flowering Period:  July- August
Fruits:  Capsule
Habitat:  Dry rocky outcrops, fissures and shelves, meadows, river banks, banks, gravel pits, gardens, wasteland

Epilobium collinum, Backdunört, Hügel-Weidenröschen, Basterdwederik, Hill Willow-herb


Derivation of the botanical name:
Epilobium from the Byzantine Greek word epi, ἐπί, "upon", lobos, λοβός, λόβος "lobe", "a pod or capsule," as the flower and capsule appear together, the corolla being borne on the end of the ovary.
collinum, Latin collis, a hill; pertaining to hills.
  • The standard author abbreviation C.C.Gmel. is used to indicate Carl Christian Gmelin (1762 - 1837), a German botanist.

Flora of Sweden online, Native plants, Sverige



Epilobium collinum, Backdunört, Hügel-Weidenröschen, Basterdwederik, Hill Willow-herb



Sweden Wildflowers and native plants