Sweden flowers: Drug Eyebright

Euphrasia stricta, SE: Vanlig ögontröst, DE: Steifer Augentrost,
NL: Stijve ogentroost, UK:Drug eyebright

Scientific name:  Euphrasia stricta J.P.Wolff ex J.F.Lehm.
Swedish name:  Vanlig Ögontröst
German name:  Steifer Augentrost
Nederlandse naam:  Stijve Ogentroost
English name:  Drug Eyebright
Plant Family:  Orobanchaceae, Snyltrotsväxter, Broomrape family

Sweden Wild Flowers, Vilda blommor i Sverige - Svenska blommor, Sverige vilda växter
Location: Hammarstrand

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  Erect, 5-35cm high, simple, downy, reddish; covered with numerous non-glandular trichomes curved downward. These trichomes reach a length
Leaves:  Opposite, ovate leathery blades dentate, crenate
Flowers:  White and violet veined with a yellowish palate
Flowering Period:  July-September
Fruits:  Fruit capsule has long hair at the tip
Habitat:  Moorlands, bogs, marshes, pastureland and meadows

Zweden, Wild Bloemen, Natuur, Reizen
Location: Hammarstrand Camping


Derivation of the botanical name:
euphrasia, εὐφρασία, εὐϕρασία (Greek),from the Greek word phren, φρήν (diaphragm; the midrif (as a partition of the body); (figuratively and by implication, of sympathy) the feelings (or sensitive nature; by extension (also in the plural) the mind or cognitive faculties), meaning "good cheer",
strict, "pulled together, close"; rigid.
  • The standard author abbreviation Wolff is used to indicate Johann Philipp Wolff (1743 - 1825), a German botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Lehm. is used to indicate Johann Georg Christian Lehmann (1792 – 1860), a German botanist.
Eyebright's use for eye problems was due in part of the Doctrine of Signatures, an ancient belief that the way that a plant looks, its "sign" indicates the ailments for which it should be used as a medicine.
The Swiss Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim (1493-1541), who later adopted the Latin name Paracelsus, published the literary theory entitled Doctrine of Signature, the concept that the key to humanity's use of various plants was indicated by the form of the plant. The concept was employed by the herbalists of the Renaissance, and was accepted until the latter part of the 19th cent.
The Doctrine of Signature lies far from our modern concept of a system of classification.

Sweden, Botany, Travel, Nature, Wild flowers


Euphrasia stricta, Vanlig ögontröst,  Steifer Augentrost, Stijve ogentroost, Drug eyebright