|Scientific name:||Fragaria vesca L.|
|Swedish name:||Smultron, skogssmultron|
|English name:||Woodland Strawberry|
|Plant Family:||Rosaceae, Rosväxter, Rose family|
|Life form:||Perennial, spread by runners|
|Stems:||Finely haired stems|
|Flowers:||5-Petaled white with yellow centers; flowers are followed by edible, bright red strawberries|
|Fruits:||Berries, covered with tiny green seeds, which are typically no bigger than a pin point|
|Habitat:||woods, thickets, pastureland, meadows, farmland and settlements|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Fragaria,fragrare "to be fragrant". The earliest record is Latin fraga "strawberries" (Vergil-Publius Vergilius Maro (70-19 BCE))
vesca, vesc, "small, slender, feeble, wavering".
Strawberries have astringent, diuretic and laxative properties. The berries are very common and have been used against rheumatic gout, while the root has been employed against diarrhoea. The leaves have similar properties and have been used against dysentry. Fresh strawberries can whiten the teeth by leaving the juice on for five minutes and then rinsing with warm water and bicarbonate of soda.