Fumaria officinalis, SE: Jordrök, DE: Gewöhnlicher Erdrauch,
NL: Gewone duivenkervel, UK: Common Fumitory, Earth smoke
|| ||Fumaria officinalis L.|
|| ||Gewöhnlicher Erdrauch, Gemeiner Erdrauch|
|| ||Gewone duivenkervel|
|| ||Common Fumitory, Earth smoke|
|| ||Papaveraceae, Poppy family, Vallmoväxter|
|| ||Height 15-60 cm, sprawling or climbing, glabrous; thin, angled stems|
|| ||Pinnately compound|
|| ||A raceme, 12–30-flowered; peduncle shorter than remainder of inflorescence|
|| ||Hermaphrodite; zygomorphic; corolla dark pink, at the tip darker, 6.5–8 mm long|
|| ||May, June, Jyly, August, September|
|| ||An achene, tiny, dry, hard, single-seeded fruits|
|| ||Farmland, settlements|
|| ||Throughout the country, but sparingly in the northern parts|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Fumaria, Latin fumus terrae, "smoke of the earth" and may refers to the smoky odour of some species in this genus or the smoky colour of some species when in flower.
officinalis, derived from opificina, shortened to officina, originally a workshop, later a monastic storeroom, then a herb-store, pharmacy or drug-shop.
A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers.
- The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.