Sweden flowers: Large-flowered Hemp-Nettle

Galeopsis speciosa, Galeopsis versicolor, SE: Hampdån,
DE: Bunter Hohlzahn, NL: Dauwnetel, UK: Large-flowered Hemp-Nettle

Scientific name:  Galeopsis speciosa Mill.
Synonym name:  Galeopsis versicolor Curtis
Swedish name:  Hampdån
German name:  Bunter Hohlzahn
Nederlandse naam:  Dauwnetel
English name:  Large-flowered Hemp-Nettle
Plant Family:   Lamiaceae, Mint family, Kransblommiga växter

Flowers in Sweden (Vilda blommor i Sverige - Svenska blommor, Sverige vilda växter)

Life form:  Annual herbaceous plant
Stems:  Erect, up to 1m high, ramified, 4-angular, the angles setose, glandular, downy
Leaves:  Opposite, entire, dentate
Flowers:  Corolla 2-3.5 cm long; its tube is 3-4 times longer than tube of calyx, with haired, pale-yellow, rather wide upper labia and dark-purple or lilac 3-lobed lower labia having two hollow horn-like projections and yellow spot at fauces
Flowering Period:  July-August
Fruits:  A four-parted schizocarp. Mericarp oval, flattened, brown.
Habitat:  woods, thickets, farmland and settlements

Hammarstrand Camping, Sweden, Nature, Wildflowers


Derivation of the botanical name:
Galeopsis, from a Latin name used by Pliny for some nettle-like plant.
speciosa, specios, "beautiful, good looking", showy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Mill. is used to indicate Philip Miller (1691 – 1771), a Scottish botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Curtis is used to indicate William Curtis (1746 – 1799), an English botanist and entomologist.
Pliny the Elder (23-79CE), Natural History, book XXVII:LVII: "Galeopsis, called by some galeobdolon or galion, has stem and leaves like those of the nettle, but smoother, and giving off when beaten up an offensive smell."

Zweden, Bloemen, Natuur


Flora of Sweden online, Native plants