Sweden wildflowers: Northern Bedstraw

Galium boreale, SE: Vitmåra, DE: Nordisches Labkraut,
NL: Noords walstro, UK: Northern Bedstraw

Scientific name:  Galium boreale L.
Swedish name:  Vitmåra
German name:  Nordisches Labkraut
Nederlandse naam:  Noords walstro
English name:  Northern Bedstraw
Family:  Rubiaceae, Bedstraw family, Måreväxter

Zweden, Natuur, Reizen, Wilde Flora

Life form:  Perennial
Stems:  Height 20-80 cm, erect, branched, 4-angled
Leaves:  whorled in fours, stalkless, hairless or rough, lanceolate or nearly linear, blunt to pointed with minutely rounded tip
Inflorescence:  Branched, terminal, rather showy, repeatedly 3-forked clusters
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite; corollas white or slightly creamy, 3.5-7 mm wide, with 4 spreading lobes which are separate almost to the base
Flowering Period:  July, August, September
Fruits:  Pairs of nutlets, about 2 mm long, softly hairy with short, straight or curled, but not hooked, hairs that are inconspicuous to the naked eye, or hairless.
Habitat:  Forests, thicket, coast, pasture land, meadows
Distribution:  Througout the country

Galium boreale, Vitmåra, Nordisches Labkraut, Noords walstro, Northern Bedstraw


Derivation of the botanical name:
Galium from Greek word gala, "milk," and alluding to the fact that certain species were used to curdle milk.
boreale, Northern.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Flora of Sweden online, Native plants, Sverige