Gentianella amarella, SE: Ängsgentiana, DE: Bitterer Enzian,
NL: Slanke gentiaan, UK: Autumn Gentian
|| ||Gentianella amarella (L.) Börner|
|| ||Bitterer Enzian, Bittere Fransenenzian |
|| ||Slanke gentiaan|
|| ||Autumn Gentian |
|| ||Gentianaceae, Gentian family, Gentianaväxter|
|| ||Height 10-30 cm, erect, slightly branched, lightly angled, usually hairless|
|| ||Basal rosette, elliptic with a blunt or rounded tip; Stem leaves opposite, in 5-8 pairs, from lance-shaped to oblong or ovate, clasping-based or not, as much as 6 cm long and 3 cm broad|
|| ||Flowers occur in clusters at the top of the stem and in the axils of the leaves|
|| ||Calyx of the flower is green, up to 2.5 cm long, with 4 or 5 lobes; corolla, tubular with 5 variously shaped lobes that are about half the length of the tube; pale bluish to purple, and up to 2.5 cm long|
|| ||June, July, August, September|
|| ||Capsules; seeds ovoid to spherical, yellow, nearly smooth|
|| ||Natural pastures, meadows |
Derivation of the botanical name:
Gentianella, "the small gentian".
amarella, somewhat bitter.
- The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
- The standard author abbreviation Börner is used to indicate Carl Julius Bernhard Börner (1880 – 1953), a German entomologist.