Gentianella amarella, SE: Ängsgentiana, DE: Bitterer Enzian,
NL: Slanke gentiaan, UK: Autumn Gentian

Scientific name:  Gentianella amarella (L.) Börner
Swedish name:  Ängsgentiana
German name:  Bitterer Enzian, Bittere Fransenenzian
Nederlandse naam:  Slanke gentiaan
English name:  Autumn Gentian
Family:  Gentianaceae, Gentian family, Gentianaväxter

Sweden, Nature, Wildflowers, Botany

Life form:  Biennial
Stems:  Height 10-30 cm, erect, slightly branched, lightly angled, usually hairless
Leaves:  Basal rosette, elliptic with a blunt or rounded tip; Stem leaves opposite, in 5-8 pairs, from lance-shaped to oblong or ovate, clasping-based or not, as much as 6 cm long and 3 cm broad
Inflorescence:  Flowers occur in clusters at the top of the stem and in the axils of the leaves
Flowers:  Calyx of the flower is green, up to 2.5 cm long, with 4 or 5 lobes; corolla, tubular with 5 variously shaped lobes that are about half the length of the tube; pale bluish to purple, and up to 2.5 cm long
Flowering Period:  June, July, August, September
Fruits:  Capsules; seeds ovoid to spherical, yellow, nearly smooth
Habitat:  Natural pastures, meadows

Gentianella amarella, Ängsgentiana, Bittere Fransenenzian, Bitterer Enzian, Slanke gentiaan, Autumn Gentian

Derivation of the botanical name:
Gentianella, "the small gentian".
amarella, somewhat bitter.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Börner is used to indicate Carl Julius Bernhard Börner (1880 – 1953), a German entomologist.

Flowers in Sweden (Wilde Flora in Zweden)

Flora of Sweden online, Native plants, Sverige