Geum rivale, SE: Humleblomster, DE: Bach-Nelkenwurz,
NL: Knikkend nagelkruid, UK: Water Avens
|| ||Geum rivale L.|
|| || Bach-Nelkenwurz|
|| || Knikkend nagelkruid|
|| || Water avens, Purple avens||Plant Family:
|| ||Rosaceae, Rose family, Rosväxter
|| ||Up to 80cm keight; straight, branching, pubescent.|
|| ||Leaves on stem with 3 toothed leaflets. Lower leaves pinnately compound with more than 3 leaflets. Apical leaflet very large and broad relative to other leaflets. Opposite large pairs of leaflets intermixed with small pairs.|
|| ||Flowers purple to red-purple. Sepals fused in a globular container with 5 projecting, sharp-pointed sepal lobes. Fruit without long, feathery hairs. Flowers usually in groups of 3.|
|| ||Achene with hooked hairs, several together.|
|| ||Woods, thickets, fresh water, bogs, marshes, pastureland and meadows|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Geum, from the Greek geno, "to yield an agreeable fragrance". When freshly dug, the root has a clove-like aroma. It was called "the Blessed Herb" in earlier times and the common name "Herb Bennet" is a possible corruption of that.
rivale, rival, "of or belonging to a stream."
Pliny the Elder(23-79 CE), Natural History, Book XXVI:XXI: "Geum has little roots, slender, blackish and with a pleasant smell".
- The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.