Heracleum sphondylium, Heracleum australe, Heracleum sibiricum,
SE: Björnloka, björnfloka, sibirisk björnloka,
DE: Wiesen-Bärenklau, Gemeine Bärenklau, NL: Gewone berenklauw,
UK: Common Hogweed, Cow parsnip, Meadow-parsnip

Scientific name:  Heracleum sphondylium L.
Synonym name:  Heracleum australe (Hartm.) Stankov, Heracleum sibiricum L.
Swedish name:  Björnloka, björnfloka, sibirisk björnloka
German name:  Wiesen-Bärenklau, Gemeine Bärenklau
Nederlandse naam:  Gewone berenklauw
English name:  Common Hogweed, Cow parsnip, Meadow-parsnip
Plant Family:   Umbelliferae / Apiaceae, Carrot family, Flockblommiga växter

Sweden, Wildflowers, Nature, Travel

Life form:  Perennial
Stems:  Up to 2m. Hollow stem, bristly hairs
Leaves:  Pinnate, hairy, serrated, 3-5 lobed segments
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs), umbels with 15 to 30 rays, 5 petals, yellowish-green or white
Flowering Period:  June, July/span>
Fruits:  flattened and winged, elliptical to rounded and glabrous, up to 1 cm long. The seed dispersal is granted by wind (anemochory).
Habitat:  Throughout the country, coast, pastureland, meadows, farmland, settlements

Sweden, Nature, Botany, Wild Flowers

Derivation of the botanical name:
Heracleum, Greek "herákleion" and refers to the mythologic hero Heracles.
sphondylium, sphondylos, a vertebra, because of the jointed stem.
australe, southern.
sibiricum, of or from Siberia.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Hartm. is used to indicate Carl Johan Hartman (1790 – 1849), a Swedish botanist.
Heracleum sphondylium is pollinated by insects (usually bees, wasps and flies) (entomogamy).

Bloemen in Zweden, Natuur, Reizen

Vilda blommor i Sverige

Sweden, Nature, Travel, Wild Flowers