|Scientific name:||Lychnis viscaria L.|
|Synonym name:||Silene viscaria (L.) Borkh.|
|German name:||Gewöhnliche Pechnelke|
|Nederlandse naam:||Rode pekanjer|
|English name:||Sticky catchfly|
|Plant Family:||Caryophyllaceae, Pink family, Nejlikväxter|
|Stems:||Erect, unbranched, glabrous, underside of joints sticky and dark reddish brown|
|Leaves:||Rosette of long, lance-shaped, dark green leaves|
|Flowers:||Purple, pink, tubular, star-like flowers|
|Flowering Period:||May, June|
|Fruits:||5-valved, 6–9 mm long capsule|
|Habitat:||Bogs, marshes, pastures and meadows|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Lychnis, Greek lychnos, a lamp; in allution to the flame-colored flowers.
viscaria , viscum, birdlime: a sticky substance used to catch birds and made from mistletoe or holly; arius, adjective suffix for nouns or numbers: connected to or possessed by; sticky
Silene, probably from Greek sialon, "saliva," referring to gummy exudation on stems, and/or named for Silenus, intoxicated foster-father of Bacchus (god of wine) who was covered with foam, much like the glandular secretions of many species of this genus.