|Scientific name:||Parnassia palustris L.|
|Swedish name:||Slåtterblomma; synonym: hjärtblad, hjärtblomma|
|English name:||Grass-of-Parnassus, Marsh Grass-of-Parnassus, Northern Grass-of-Parnassus, Bog-star|
|Family:||Celastraceae, staff vine or bittersweet family, Benvedsväxter (Parnassiaceae, Slåtterblommeväxter)|
|Life form:||Deciduous, herbaceous perennial|
|Stems:||Height 5-25 cm, erect; usually 1-leaved, sometimes 2-leaved or leafles|
|Leaves:||Oval to heart-shaped|
|Flowers:||solitary terminating stems; sepals densely purple-brown punctate, elliptic or oblong; Cup-shaped,5 white petals, translucent nerves; stamens 5; pistil of 4 fused carpels, almost lacking style, with 4 stigmas; with claw, with scales or nectaries fringed with hairs, and yellow glands|
|Fruits:||Capsule ovoid, 4-lobed; Seeds brown, glossy, oblong|
|Habitat:||Fens, damp river-bank meadows and fells|
|Distribution:||All over Sweden|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Parnassia, from Mount Parnassus in Greece, and was called gramen parnassium by Dodonaeus. In ancient times Mount Parnassus in Greece was said to be the home of Apollo and his muse – and grass of Parnassus is certainly as beautiful as any poem.
palustris, Palus, pool; growing in marshes.