|Scientific name:||Phleum pratense L.|
|Synonym name:||Phleum nodosum L., Phleum pratense ssp. nodosum (L.) Arcang., Phleum pratense var. nodosum (L.)|
|Plant Family:||Poaceae / Gramineae, True grasses, Gräs|
|Life form:||Graminoid (grasses)|
|Stems:||Unbranched culm, light green, hairless, and terete (round in cross-section); the nodes of the culm are green and glabrous.|
|Leaves:||Alternate, dull green to greyish blue, hairless, flat, and linear; margins, scabrous, while the base of each leaf blade is usually more wide than the culm; culm terminates in a spike-like panicle of florets.|
|Flowers:||Spikes are 2 ½ to 13 cm long, very condensed, cylindrical, and 6 to 9 ½ mm thick. Spikelets are one-flowered, compressed, and green or often purple-tipped.|
|Flowering Period:||june, July|
|Fruits:||Grains ripen, and the cylindrical panicles of spikelets become light brown.|
|Habitat:||Throughout the country|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Phleum, Greek phleos, an ancient name for a kind of rush or reed.
pratense, refers to its habitat, moist meadows.
nodosum, with conspicuous nodes.