|Scientific name:||Picea abies (L.) H.Karst.|
|Synonym name:||Picea excelsa (Lam.) Link|
|Swedish name:||Gran, rödgran, vanlig gran|
|English name:||Norway Spruce||Plant Family:||Pinaceae, Pine family, Tallväxter|
|Life form:||Evergreen coniferous tree|
|Stems:||Trunk thick gray scales with age; mature branches have a downswept angle with upturned ends, with pendulous branchlets (skirts) hanging from the main branches.|
|Leaves:||Dark green needle-like, 12-24 mm long, quadrangular in cross-section(shoots are orange-brown and glabrous); needles are angled forward towards the end of the stem|
|Flowers:||Monoecious, with the staminate flowers in the leaf axils and pistillate flowers at the termini of stems, both being pink-purple in color and concentrated in the crowns of mature trees|
|Flowering Period:||May, June|
|Fruits:||Cones 9-17 cm long, in the upper one-third of mature trees at the branch tips; light green with a purplish cast when immature, becoming tan-brown with maturity and slowly abscising.|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Picea, Latin for "pine".
abies Latin for "fir". Silver fir, fir tree.
Used as a Christmas tree and in forestry for timber and paper production.