Plants in Sweden: Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris, SE: Tall, Fur, DE: Waldkiefer,
NL: Grove den, UK: Scots Pine

Scientific name:  Pinus sylvestris L.
Synonym name:  Pinus frieseana Wich., Pinus lapponica (Fr. ex Hartm.) Mayr
Swedish name:  Tall, Fur
German name:  Waldkiefer
Nederlandse naam:  Grove den
English name:  Scots Pine
Plant Family:  Pinaceae, Pine family, Tallväxter

Sweden Flowers - Pinus sylvestris,Tall,Fur, Waldkiefer,Grove den, Scots Pine
Location: Jämtland, Ragunda

Life form:  Evergreen coniferous tree
Stems:  Thick bark, scaly dark grey-brown on the lower trunk, and thin, flaky and orange on the upper trunk and branches.
Leaves:  Glaucous blue-green 2.5-5 cm long and 1-2 mm broad needle leaves, produced in fascicles of two with a persistent grey 5–10 mm basal sheath
Flowers:  Yellowish staminate flowers, clustered as short catkins, while pistillate flowers are green immature "cones"
Flowering Period:  May, June
Fruits:  Red seed cones at pollination, then pale brown, globose and 4-8 mm diameter in their first year, expanding to full size in their second year, pointed ovoid-conic, green, then grey-green to yellow-brown at maturity, 3-7.5 cm in length
Habitat:  Forests

Pinus sylvestris,Tall,Fur, Waldkiefer,Grove den, Scots Pine
Location: Jämtland, Ragunda


Derivation of the botanical name:
Pinus the ancient Latin name.
sylvestris; sylva, woods, forest; sylvestris, of or belonging to the forest or woods, more correctly: silvestris, sometimes silvester; growing in the woods, wild.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Wich. is used to indicate Max Ernst Wichura (1817 - 66), a German botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Fr. is used to indicate Elias Magnus Fries (1794 – 1878), a Swedish mycologist and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Hartm. is used to indicate Carl Johan Hartman (1790 – 1849), a Swedish physician and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Mayr is used to indicate Heinrich Mayr (1856 - 1911), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
Pinus sylvestris has a long, bare and straight trunk topped by a rounded or flat-topped mass of foliage.
It is used, among other things, for pulp, boards and fuel products, previously also for railway sleepers.
Pinus sylvestris is rich in resin, and both turpentine and resin have been produced from it.

Flowers of Sweden


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