Salix caprea, SE: Sälg, vanlig sälg, DE: Sal-Weide,
NL: Boswilg, UK: Goat Willow
|| ||Salix caprea L.|
|| ||Sälg, vanlig sälg|
|| ||Goat Willow|
|| ||Salicaceae, Videväxter|
|| ||Deciduous shrub or tree (3-5 m)|
|| ||Multi-stemmed shrub that can grow as tall as 15 m; greyish, rough bark; new growth reddish-brown |
|| ||Large, oval; upperside is bare or hairy, usually dark green and the underside is nice velvet SHAGGY|
|| ||Dioecious; male trees catkins, pinkish gray and woolly; female trees produce smaller greenish catkins|
|| ||April, May|
|| ||Capsule is sessile, elongated and gray-green, 5-10 mm long containing numerous minute seeds embedded in fine cottony hairs.
|| ||Throughout the country; riverbanks and lake shores|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Salix, Latin name for the willow and meaning "to leap or spring" in reference to its fast growth.
Caprea, a wild she-goat.
Salix caprea, Goat Willow, is thought to come from the first known illustration of the species in Hieronymus Bock's 16th-century Herbal (1498 - 1554), where the tree is shown being eaten by a goat. Hieronymus Bock (Latinised Tragus) was a German botanist, physician, and Lutheran minister.
- The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.