Silene dioica, Lychnis dioica, Melandrium dioicum, SE: Rödblära,
DE: Rote Lichtnelke, NL: Dagkoekoeksbloem, UK: Red Campion
|| ||Silene dioica (L.) Clairv.|
|| ||Lychnis dioica L., Melandrium dioicum (L.) Coss. & Germ., Melandrium rubrum (Weigel) Garcke, Melandrium silvestre (Schuhr) Röhl|
|| ||Rödblära, Skogslyse|
|| ||Rote Lichtnelke|
|| ||Red Campion|
|| ||Caryophyllaceae, Nejlikväxter|
|| ||Height 20–60 cm; stem ascending–erect, unbranched–sparsely branched, with long and soft hairs, upper part dark red|
|| ||Opposite, simple acute ovate, 3-8 cm long, hairy and slightly sticky|
|| ||5 dark pink to red petals|
|| ||May, June, July, August|
|| ||Ovoid capsule containing numerous seeds|
|| ||Moist groves, marsh edges, beaches and mountain meadows|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Silene probably from Greek sialon, "saliva," referring to gummy exudation on stems, and/or named for Silenus, intoxicated foster-father of Bacchus (god of wine) who was covered with foam, much like the glandular secretions of many species of this genus.
dioica, Greek for "two houses", di, between, away from; oicos, οικοϛ, house, dwelling, (lit. 2 houses referring to male and female parts on different plants).
Lychnis, Greek lychnos, a lamp; in allution to the flame-colored flowers.
Melandrium, Greek melas, black; andros, man, referring to the dark stamen.
- The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
- The standard author abbreviation Clairv. is used to indicate Joseph Philippe de Clairville (1742 – 1830), a French botanist and entomologist, who was mainly active in switzerland.
- The standard author abbreviation Coss. is used to indicate Ernest Saint-Charles Cosson (1819 – 1889), a French botanist, remembered for his studies of botanical species from North Africa.
- The standard author abbreviation Germ. is used to indicate Jacques Nicolas Ernest Germain de Saint-Pierre (1815 – 1882), a French botanist.
- The standard author abbreviation Weigel is used to indicate Christian Ehrenfried von Weigel (1748 – 1831), a German scientist, a professor of Chemistry, Pharmacy, Botany, and Mineralogy at the University of Greifswald.
- The standard author abbreviation Garcke is used to indicate Christian August Friedrich Garcke (1819 – 1904), a German botanist.
- The standard author abbreviation Schuhr is used to indicate Philipp Johann Ferdinand Schur (1799 – 1878), a German-Austrian pharmacist and botanist who was a native of Königsberg.
- The standard author abbreviation Röhl is used to indicate Johann Christoph Röhling (1757 – 1813), a German botanist and clergyman.