Urtica dioica, SE: Brännässla, DE: Große Brennnessel,
NL: Grote brandnetel, UK: Stinging nettle, Common Nettle
|| ||Urtica dioica L.|
|| ||Brännässla |
|| ||Große Brennnessel|
|| ||Grote brandnetel |
|| ||Stinging nettle, Common Nettle|
|| ||Urticaceae, Nettle Family, Nässelväxter|
|| ||Height 30–150 cm, erect, leafy stems, stinging hairs (knob-like tip of the hair comes of at contact, and the hollow needle penetrates the skin releasing a burning acid mixture)|
|| ||Opposite, entire, serrate|
|| ||Small and greenish flowers, growing in large, compound clusters from the axils of the upper leaves|
|| ||July, August|
|| ||Yellowish, oval, flat achene|
|| ||Forest, thicket, bogs, marshes, pastureland, meadows, farmland, settlements|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Urtica from Latin uro, "I burn," alluding to the nettle's sting, the stinging nettle.
dioica, Greek for "two houses", di, between, away from; oicos, οικοϛ, house, dwelling, (lit. 2 houses referring to male and female parts on different plants).
- The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.