|Scientific name:||Urtica urens L.|
|German name:||Kleine Brennnessel, Eiternessel|
|Nederlandse naam:||Kleine brandnetel|
|English name:||Small nettle, Dwarf stinger, Dog nettle|
|Family:||Urticaceae, Nettle family, Nässelväxter|
|Life form:||Therophyte, annual|
|Stems:||Height 10–50 cm, branching stem, stinging hairs (knob-like tip of the hair comes of at contact, and the hollow needle penetrates the skin releasing a burning acid mixture)|
|Leaves:||Opposite, entire, elliptic to broadly elliptic, dentate or serrate|
|Flowers:||Green, unisexual, staminate and pistillate in same inflorescence|
|Flowering Period:||June, July|
|Fruits:||Oval to pear-shaped, flat, yellowish-brown achene|
|Habitat:||Throughout the country; in Northern Sweden rare|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Urtica, uro, I burn, alluding to the nettle's sting; stinging nettle. Their capability to sting makes them useful for metaphors.
In the Bible three different Hebrew names are quoted: Sirpad (סרפד)- in Isaiah 55:13; Seravim (סרבים)- in Ezekiel 2:6; Harul (הרול)-Zephaniah 2:9. They are synonyms, the roots s-r-f and h-a-r both meaning 'scorching' or 'burning'.
urens, Latin urere, to burn, and refers to the stonging hairs.
Hitty Pitty without the wall;
If you touch Hitty Pitty,
Hitty Pitty will bite you.