Valeriana sambucifolia, SE: Flädervänderot,
DE: Holunderblättriger Baldrian, NL: Vliervaren,
UK: Common Valerian
|| ||Valeriana sambucifolia J. C. Mikan |
|| ||Holunderblättriger Baldrian|
|| ||Common Valerian|
|| ||Valerianaceae, Valerian family, Vänderotsväxter|
|| ||Perennial herb|
|| ||Height 50-100 cm, branching, bristly, grooved, glabrous or lower part hairy, hollow, greenish–brownish, sometimes reddish|
|| ||Opposite, stalked; blade pinnate, with 3–8 pairs and terminal leaflet; leaflets toothed, strong-veined, terminal leaflet usually broader than lateral leaflets|
|| || Umbellate compound cyme|
|| ||Corolla slightly irregular (zygomorphic), pale purple–white, 4–8 mm long, fused, funnel-shaped, base slightly distended, 5-lobed. Calyx small, collar-like. Stamens 3. Gynoecium composed of 3 fused carpels |
|| ||June, July, August|
|| ||Achene, egg-shaped, glabrous, downy|
|| ||Moist woodlands, wet meadows, beaches|
|| ||Throughout the country|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Valeriana, possibly from Latin valere, "to be healthy" from its use as a folk medicine in the treatment of nervousness and hysteria.
sambucifolia, with leaves like elder or Sambucus.
- The standard author abbreviation J.C.Mikan is used to indicate Johann Christian Mikan (1769 - 1844), a Czech Austrian botanist, zoologist and entomologist.