|Scientific name:||Viola riviniana Rchb.|
|Synonym name:||Viola broussonetiana Roem. & Schult., Viola insularis Gren. & Godr.|
|English name:||Common Dog-violet|
|Life form:||Perennial, rhizomes|
|Stems:||Height 5–20 cm, leafy, branched, usually glabrous (sometimes sparsely hairy)|
|Leaves:||Basal non-flowering rosette; Heart shaped leaves, about as long as broad, with rounded teeth and are usually hairless|
|Flowers:||2 slender bracts, 6 sepals spear shaped lobed at the base, 5 overlapping violet petals with a long backward pointing spur which is notched at the end; lower petal white at innermost end, with area of dark vertical veins just below this.|
|Flowering Period:||April, May, June|
|Fruits:||Glabrous, 3-valved capsule|
|Habitat:||humus-rich forests, orchards, roadsides and meadows hills.|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Viola, a classical Latin name for violets.
Riviniana, in honor of Augustus Quirinus Rivinus (1652 - 1723), also known as August Bachmann, a German physician and botanist.
broussonetiana, named for Pierre Marie August Broussonet (1761 - 1807), Professor of Botany at Montpellier, France
insularis, pertaining to an island.